What to Expect during Treatment
Prior to bone grafting, a local anesthetic will be administered to numb the area. You may also elect to receive sedation to help you relax. Nitrous oxide, oral sedation, and intravenous (IV) medications are all safe and reliable choices.
Once you are comfortable, the doctor will create a small incision above the recessed area and place the new tissue. Some dentists will also apply a special membrane over the graft to promote tissue regeneration. This is called guided tissue regeneration, or GTR. Once the bone graft has been secured with small posts, the doctor can close the incision with sutures. Over the next six to nine months, the graft will fuse with surrounding tissue in a process known as osseointegration. This is integral to the success of any future dental implant treatment, as it creates a strong base for implant posts.