What are the treatment options
Depending on how advanced the periodontal disease is, we may suggest a number of different treatment options:
- Mild to moderate: At-home and preventive solutions are usually enough to control gingivitis and milder periodontitis in the early stages. Regular brushing and flossing helps loosen plaque, and routine dental visits can reduce missed debris. If necessary, we can prescribe special mouthwash that prevents bacteria from attaching to the teeth, or antibiotics.
- Moderate to severe: Deep cleaning is the traditional treatment for more advanced forms of periodontitis. Deep cleaning consists of two procedures: scaling and root planing. During scaling, we scrape away the plaque above and below the gum line to eradicate bacteria. During root planing, the surfaces of the tooth roots are smoothed. This removes nooks for bacteria to grow. While scaling and root planing are typically combined, less severe cases may require only scaling.
- Severe: If the infection is severe, gum surgery may be necessary to repair the damage. Procedures could include crown-lengthening to remove infected pockets of tissue, soft tissue grafts to cover tooth roots and reduce gum recession, bone grafting to increase jawbone density, and tooth extractions. Ultimately, we recommend coming in for a consultation for some of the best Charleston periodontics treatments available.