Could you be at Risk of Sleep Apnea?
You are at higher risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea if you:
- Are overweight
- Have a family history of snoring
- Are a smoker
- Are experiencing menopause
- Are of Black, Hispanic, or Native American descent
The disorder can affect men, women, and children of all ages.
Different Types of Apnea
- Obstructive—Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea. It is caused by overly relaxed or enlarged throat muscles and large tonsils, adenoids, or a large overbite which cause narrow airways and restrict the flow of oxygen.
- Central—Central sleep apnea (CSA) is less common but much more serious. The condition is caused by a lapse in neurological activity, where your brain stops signaling your body to breathe. This can happen several minutes at a time, sometimes dozens or hundreds of time throughout the night.
- Complex—also known as mixed sleep apnea, complex sleep apnea is caused by a combination of both obstructive and central sleep apnea. Patients with complex sleep apnea do not respond to treatments for OSA alone. This type affects 15 percent of all sleep apnea patients.